INTRODUCTIONThe structure of alcohols tells us a lot about their physical properties and chemical reactions. Last year, the first lesson was about the different isomers of C4H9OH, with the students starting by trying to make (and name) all of the ones that contain the alcohol functional group. Can you name these?
PREPARATIONThere are a few ways to make alcohols:
- fermentation of sugars
- synthesis gas
- hydration of alkenes
We looked at the hydration of 1-butene using dilute sulfuric acid: